Community Histories

Area history for 2000’s[also for the periods 1960’s to 2000’s]. Erie, PA : Erie Gay News, 2005. [viewed Feb. 2005]Averill, Harold. “The Church, gays and archives.” Archivaria. 30 (Summer 1990): 85-90.Barriault, Marcel. “Hard to dismiss: the archival value of gay male erotica and pornography.” Archivaria (Special Section on Queer Archives). 68 (Winter 2010): 219-246.

Bebout, Rick. More on Church and Wellesley / Rick Bebout. [Toronto, ON]: Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives, 1997. [viewed Nov. 2003] A history (1950s-1990s) of the area in Toronto now known as the gay/lesbian community focal point.

Bouthillette, Anne-Marie. “Gentrification by gay male communities: a case study of Toronto’s Cabbage Town.” p.65-83. In The Margins of the City: Gay Men’s Urban Lives / edited by Stephen Whittle. Aldershot, Hants, England: Arena; Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1994.

Bouthillette, Anne-Marie. “Queer and gendered housing: a tale of two neighbourhoods in Vancouver.” p.213-232. In Queers in Space: Communities, Public Places, Sites of Resistance / edited by G. B. Ingram, A. M. Bouthillette and Y. Retter. Seattle: Bay Press, 1997.

Bride, Kate. “‘Remembering well’: sexual practice as a practice of remembering.” Torquere. 6 (2004): 47-65.
On the AIDS Memorial in Cawthra Park, north of the 519 Church Street Community Centre, near the junction of Church and Wellesley Streets, Toronto. Special issue on Memorializing Queers / Queering Remembrances.

A brief Canadian history of laws affecting gays and lesbians [timeline 1960s-2000s]. [Charmaine Spencer: Vancouver, 2008?] [viewed May 2009]

Brode, Patrick. The Slasher Killings: a Canadian Sex-Crime Panic, 1945-1946 / Patrick Brode. Detroit, Mich.: Wayne State University Press, 2009. HV6535.C33 W565 2009
In 1945 Windsor, Ontario, celebrated the end of World War II and the return of its troops with parades, but the industrial city was shaken by a series of brutal stabbings, which in 1946 seem to target “sex deviants.”
See review by Steven Maynard in Canadian Historical Review, September 2010.

Burgess, Marilyn. “Proudly she marches: wartime propaganda and the lesbian spectator.” Cinéaction. 23 (Winter 1990-91): 22-27. PN1993 .C55

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Gay and Lesbian Emergence: Out in Canada. Toronto: CBC Archives, 2003. [viewed Nov. 2003]

CAW Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) History. [Toronto]: Canadian Auto Workers (CAW), [2002-]. [viewed Jan. 2004]

Chamberland, Line. Memoires lesbiennes: le lesbianisme à Montréal entre 1950 et 1972. Montreal: Rémue Ménage, 1996.

Chamberland, Line. “Remembering lesbian bars: Montreal, 1955-1975.” Journal of Homosexuality. 25(3) (1993): 231-269. HQ75 .J68
Reprinted in Gay Studies from the French Cultures: Voices from France, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, and the Netherlands. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, 1993.

Chapman, Terry. “‘An Oscar Wilde type’: ‘the abominable crime of buggery’ in Western Canada, 1890-1920.” Criminal Justice History. 4(1983): 97-118.

Chapman, Terry. “Male homosexuality: legal restraints and social attitudes in western Canada, 1890-1920.” p.267-292. In Law and Justice in a New Land: Essays in Western Canadian Legal History / edited by Louis A. Knafla. Calgary: Carswell, 1986.

Chapman, Terry L. “Sex crimes in the West, 1890-1920.” Alberta History. 35(4): 6-21, 1987.

Chapman, Terry. “Sex crimes in Western Canada, 1890-1920.” PhD dissertation, University of Alberta, 1984.

Churchill, David. “Mother Goose’s map: tabloid geographies and gay male experience in 1950s Toronto.” Journal of Urban History. 30(6) (September 2004): 826-852.

Corriveau, Patrice. Judging Homosexuals: a History of Gay Persecution in Quebec and France / Patrice Corriveau ; translated by Käthe Roth ; with a foreword by Barry Adam. Vancouver : UBC Press, 2011. HQ76.3.C3 C6713 2011

Crichlow, Wesley E.A. “History, (re)memory, testimony, and biomythography: charting a buller man’s Trinidadian past.” p.101-131. In Our Caribbean: a Gathering of Lesbian and Gay Writing from the Antilles / edited and with an introduction by Thomas Glave. Durham : Duke University Press, 2008. PN849.C32 O87 2008

Dick, Lyle. “The 1942 same-sex trials in Edmonton: on the state’s repression of sexual minorities, archives, and human rights in Canada.” Archivaria (Special Section on Queer Archives). 68 (Winter 2010): 183-217.

Dick, Lyle. “Same-sex intersections of the Prairie settlement era: the 1895 case of Regina’s ‘Oscar Wilde’.” Histoire sociale/Social history. 42(1) (September 2009): 107-145. “A case involving three men charged with gross indecency in Regina in 1895 serves to illustrate aspects of male same-sex experience in Western Canada’s settlement era.”

Dick, Lyle; Frohwerk, Ron. “State repression of sexual minorities.” Canadian Dimension. 43(4) (July/August 2009): 38-39. A placement of a notice in the personals of the Edmonton Journal, in 1941, led to the arrests and 1942 convictions of several men. “The investigators’ method was simple — coerce each person being interrogated to confess and turn in their friends.”

Duder, Cameron. Awfully Devoted Women: Lesbian Lives in Canada, 1900-65. Cameron Duder / Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2010. HQ75.6.C3 D82 2010.
Two groups of women are discussed: Canadian upper to middle class professionals from the early 20th century and lower to middle class women in the post WWII period. These include Constance Grey Swartz (BC) and partners Frieda Fraser and Edith Bickerton Williams (Ontario).
See review below by Kate Zieman.

Duder, Cameron. “‘Two middle-aged and very good looking females that spend all their week-ends together’: female professors and same-sex relationships in Canada, 1910-1950.” p.332-350? In Historical Identities: The Professoriate in Canada / edited Paul J. Stortz and Lisa Panayodotis. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006. Also on Frieda Fraser (professor of microbiology at the University of Toronto, 1936-1965) and Edith Bickerton Williams.

Duder, Karen. “Public acts and private languages: bisexuality and the multiple discourses of Constance Grey Swartz.” BC Studies. 136 (Winter 2002/2003): 3-23.
Canadian Committee on the History of Sexuality 2004 prize for best article.
Canadian Historical Association 2004 best article on the history of sexuality in Canada history prize.

Duder, Karen. “‘That repulsive abnormal creature I read of in that book’: lesbians and families in Ontario, 1920-1965.” p.260-283. In Ontario Since Confederation: A Reader / edited by Edgar-André Montigny and Lori Chambers Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000. FC3061 .O568 2000
On the lives of Frieda Fraser and Edith Bickerton Williams, but the book, mentioned by a friend of Frieda’s mother, is not identified. Perhaps it was Radclyffe Hall’s The Well of Loneliness (1928).

Egan Jim. Challenging the Conspiracy of Silence: My Life as a Canadian Gay Activist / Jim Egan ; compiled and edited by Donald W. McLeod. Toronto: Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives, 1998. HQ75.8.E32 A3 1998

Ferguson, Sue. “Tale of a witch hunt: in the 1960s, Ottawa targeted gays and lesbians as the enemy within.” Maclean’s Magazine. June 25, 2001. On Herbert Sutcliffe and his Canadian military experience.

Filax, Gloria. “Producing homophobia in Alberta, Canada in the 1990s.” Journal of Historical Sociology. 17(1) (March 2004): 87-120.
Coverage of sexual minority issues from the weekly magazine Alberta Report, though meant to be negative, kept the issues highly visible. These included a 1992 performance, True Inversions, at the Walter Phillips Gallery (part of the Banff Centre for the Arts) , k.d. lang’s anti-beef campaign, the firing of Delwin Vriend and an oral history project by the Red Deer and District Museum.

Flaunting It! A Decade of Gay Journalism from the Body Politic, an Anthology / edited by Edward Jackson and Stan Persky. Vancouver: New Star Books, 1982. HQ76.8.C2 F43 See chronology.

Gammel, Irene. “Staging personalities in modernism and realism.” p.247-271. In The Cambridge History of Canadian Literature / edited by Coral Ann Howells and Eva-Marie Kröller. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. PS8071.5 .C36 2009
Also on John Glassco (1909-1981) in Paris, and his friendship with Graeme Taylor and Robert McAlmon. Glassco’s Memoirs of Montparnass was perhaps written during the 1960s, not partly in 1928: “Glassco too was driven by the beautiful lie…” p.271.

Gay Halifax History Project
The beginning of an encyclopedia on lgbt history of the city. [viewed Nov. 21, 2005]

Gay/Lesbian Related Events – Historical Time Line [Key West, FL]: Gay/Lesbian International News Network (GLINN), 2005. Mostly American content but some Canadian references, see Jane Rule, Two Magazine and ASK Newsletter in 1964. [viewed Apr. 22, 2005]

Gay Liberation in Canada: A Socialist Perspective
Gay Liberation in Canada: A Socialist Perspective was originally published in 1977 by Vanguard Publications, the publishing arm of the League for Socialist Action. South Branch Publishing provides access to documents written by Chris Bearchell, Thérèse Faubert, Duncan McLean, John Riddell, and Stuart Russell. [viewed Jul. 10, 2007]

Gender and History in Canada / edited by Joy Parr and Mark Rosenfeld. Toronto: Copp Clark Ltd., 1996. HQ1075.5.C2 G455 1996

Gentile, Patrizia. “Capital queers: social memory and queer place(s) in Cold War Ottawa.” p.187-214. In Placing Memory and Remembering Place in Canada / edited by James Opp and John C. Walsh. Vancouver: University of British Columbia (UBC) Press, 2010. 330 p. GF511 .P53 2010
Included is a map of popular queer spaces in Ottawa, 1960s-70s, a photograph of the Chez Henri Hotel (Hull, Quebec) and a section “Single women and lesbian space.”

Gentile, Patrizia. “Resisted access? National security, the Access to Information Act, and queer(ing) archives.” Archivaria (Special Section on Queer Archives). 68 (Winter 2010): 141-158.

Gidney, Catherine. “Under the president’s gaze: sexuality and morality at a Canadian university during the Second World War.” Canadian Historical Review. 82(1) (2001): 36-54.

Girard, Philip. “From subversion to liberation: homosexuals and the Immigration Act, 1952-1977.” Canadian Journal of Law and Society. 2(3) (1987): 3?

Girard, Philip. “Sexual orientation as a human rights issue in Canada, 1969-1985.” Dalhousie Law Journal. 10 (1986): 267?

Goldie, Terry. Queer Nation? Eleventh Annual Robarts Lecture, 4 March 1997, York University, Toronto, Ontario. 24 p.

Grube, John. “No more shit: the struggle for democratic gay space in Toronto.” In Queers in Space: Communities, Public Places, Sites of Resistance / edited by G. B. Ingram, A. M. Bouthillette and Y. Retter. Seattle: Bay Press, 1997. 530 p.
Includes a history of gay public presence in Toronto, particularly along Yonge Street, with much on the bathhouse raids of February 5, 1981.

Halladay, Laurel. “A lovely war: male to female cross-dressing and Canadian military entertainment in World War II.” Journal of Homosexuality. 46(3/4) (2004): 19-34. HQ75 .J68
Also reprinted in The Drag Queen Anthology : the Absolutely Fabulous but Flawless Customary World of Female Impersonators. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, 2003. p.19-34.

Halsall, Paul. People with a History: an online guide to lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans* history / Paul Halsall. [New York]: Paul Halsall, 1997-1998. [viewed Nov. 2003]

Herman, Didi. Rights of Passage: Struggles for Lesbian and Gay Legal Equality / Didi Herman. Toronto ; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 1994. HQ76.8.C2 H47 1994

The hidden history of the Berkeley campus (Gay Bears). Berkeley, CA: University of California, Berkeley, University Archives, 2002. [viewed Nov. 2003]
The site recovers the history of sexual minorities at the University of California, Berkeley.

Higgins, Ross. “A sense of belonging: pre-liberation space, symbolics and leadership in gay Montreal.” PhD. dissertation, McGill University, 1997.

Higgins, Ross. De la clandestinité à l’affirmation: pour une histoire de la communauté gaie montréalaise / Ross Higgins. Montreal: Comeau & Nadeau, 2000. (From his dissertation)

Higgins, Ross and Line Chamberland. “Mixed messages: lesbians, gay men and the yellow press in Quebec and Ontario during the 1950s and 1960s.” p.422-431. In The Challenge of Modernity: a Reader on Post-Confederation Canada / edited by Ian McKay. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1992. FC85 .C53 1992

History of the gay liberation movement in Canada (1970s and 1980s). London, ON: Hudler Archives (Pride Library), University of Western Ontario, [2002]. [viewed Nov. 2003]

Iacovetta, Franca. “The sexual politics of moral citizenship: containing ‘dangerous’ foreign men in Cold War Canada, 1950s-1960s.” Histoire sociale/Social History. 33(66) (November 2000): 361-389. HN1 .H57
Canadian Committee on the History of Sexuality 2002 prize for best article.

Ingram, G. Brent. “Returning to the scene of the crime: uses of trial dossiers on consensual male homosexuality for urban research, with examples from twentieth-century British Columbia.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies. 10(1) (2003): 77-110.
Igram uses cases from the BC Attorney General’s Office for the years 1909 to 1967. He notes the dangers of using these sources, as well as supposed racism as South Asians appear in the majority of early records.

Ingram, Brent. “Spreading the word: an incomplete history of west coast queer print media.” Xtra West. 132(September 3, 1998): 13,16.

Johnston, Dawn Elizabeth. “Sites of resistance, sites of strength: the construction and experience of queer space in Calgary.” MA thesis, University of Calgary, 1999.

Kinsman, Gary. The Regulation of Desire: Homo and Hetero Sexualities / Gary Kinsman. 2nd ed., rev. Montréal: Black Rose Books, 1996. HQ18.C2 K56

Korinek, Valerie. “Activism = public education: the history of public discourses of homosexuality in Saskatchewan 1971-93.” p.109-137. In “I Could Not Speak My Heart”: Education and Social Justice for Gay and Lesbian Youth / edited by James McNinch and Mary Cronin. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina, 2004.

Korinek, Valerie. “‘The most openly gay person for at least a thousand miles’: Doug Wilson and the politicization of a province, 1975-1983.” Canadian Historical Review. 84(4) (Dec. 2003): 517-550. FC1 .C355

Korinek, Valerie. “A Queer-eye view of the prairies: reorienting Western Canadian histories.” p.278-296. In The West and Beyond: New Perspectives on an Imagined Region / edited by Alvin Finkel, Sarah Carter, and Peter Fortna. Edmonton: AU Press, 2010. 435 p. FC3206 .W475 2008

Lee, John Alan. Love’s gay fool: autobiography of John Alan Lee. [Toronto: John Alan Lee, 2003]. Much on his life from 1964 to 2004. [viewed May 2004]

Lehman, Mark. “The Church-Wellesley area: community, unity and neighbourhood.” [Toronto: Mark Lehman, 1994]. Paper for a University of Toronto course, copy in the accessions of the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives.

LGBT Demographics. San Francisco, CA: San Francisco Public Library, Gay and Lesbian Center, 1999. [viewed Apr. 2010]

LGBTQ history dissertations [Los Angeles]: Committee on Lesbian and Gay History, [2003]. [viewed Sep. 2007]

Lucas, Noelle. “Womanspace: building a lesbian community in Edmonton, Alberta, 1970-1990.” MA thesis, University of Saskatchewan, 2002.

Luce, Jacquelyne. Beyond Expectation: Lesbian/Bi/Queer Women and Assisted Conception. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010. HQ75.53 .L83 2010. Interview with eighty-two women during the late 1990s in British Columbia.

MacDougall, Bruce. Queer Judgments: Homosexuality, Expression and the Courts in Canada / Bruce MacDougall. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000. KE4399 .M32 2000
See review by Julie Lloyd in Torquere: Journal of the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Studies Association. 4/5 (2002-2003): 229-232.

Maynard, Steven. “‘Horrible temptations’: sex, men, and working class male youth in urban Ontario, 1890-1935.” Canadian Historical Review. 78 (June 1997): 191-235. FC1 .C355

Maynard, Steven. “On the case of the case: the emergence of the homosexual as a case history in early-twentieth-century Ontario.” In On the Case: Explorations in Social History / edited by Franca Iacovetta and Wendy Mitchinson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

Maynard, Steven. “Through a hole in the lavatory wall: homosexual subcultures, police surveillance, and the dialectics of discovery, Toronto, 1890-1930.” p.165-184. In Gender and History in Canada / edited by Joy Parr and Mark Rosenfeld. Toronto : Copp Clark Ltd., 1996. HQ1075.5.C2 G455 1996

McCaskell, Tim. “The bath raids and gay politics.” p.169-188. In Social Movements/Social Change: the Politics and Practice of Organizing / edited by Frank Cunningham, et al. Toronto: Between the Lines, 1988. HN107 .S626 1988. Included in the chapter are comments by George Smith (chair of the Right to Privacy Committee), Gary Kinsman (member of RTPC’s Public Action Committee) and Chris Bearchell (a lesbian activist).

McDiarmid, Marney. “From mouth to mouth: an oral history of lesbians and gays in Kingston from World War II to 1980.” MA thesis, Queen’s University, 1999.

McLeod, Donald W. A Brief History of GAY, Canada’s First Gay Tabloid, 1964-1966 / Donald W. McLeod. Toronto: Homewood Books, 2003. HQ76.95.C3 M35 2003

McLeod, Donald W. Lesbian and Gay Liberation in Canada: A Selected Annotated Chronology, 1964-1975 / Donald W. McLeod. Toronto: ECW Press/Homewood Books, 1996.
Also available online in PDF format via the T-Space at University of Toronto Libraries.

Miller, Alan V. “‘Please don’t blame dear Jack’: Edgar Christian’s last letters.” Toronto: Alan V. Miller, 2003. [viewed June 2003]

Nash, Catherine Jean. “Contesting identity: politics of gays and lesbians in Toronto in the 1970s.”  Gender, Place and Culture. 12(1) (Mar. 2005): 113-135.

Norton, Rictor. Bibliography of Gay and Lesbian History / Rictor Norton. [London]. [viewed Nov. 2003]

The Oberlin College Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered (LGBT) Community History Project. Oberlin, Ohio: Oberlin College Archives, 2006. Great content from the interwar period, WWII vets, interviews and comments on life in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. Michael Lynch, and his life in Oberlin and later Toronto, is also highlighted. [viewed Jul. 2006]

Out and Aging: Our Stories / edited by Barbara Zarzosa. Windsor: 50+ Proud, Windsor Pride Community, 2010. 146 p.
Includes Windsor LGBTT history timeline, 1972-2001, p.143-146.

Out of the past: 400 years of lesbian and gay history. [Arlington, VA]: Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Television, 2004. [viewed Nov. 2003]

Passions uncovered: gay, lesbian and transgender pulps. Curated by Neil Richards. Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan Library, 2006. [viewed September 2006]

Perdue, Anne. “Out and proud: how students, faculty, staff and alumni brought queer activism to the University of Toronto and changed the campus forever.” University of Toronto Magazine. Summer 2009. [viewed June 2009]
It is worth the time reading the comments to see what progress has been made over 40 years.

Queer U of T: an annotated history. A time-line of lgbt organizing at the University of Toronto. [Toronto]: lgbtout in History, [2009-] [viewed November 2009]

Rainbow History Project. Washington, DC: Rainbow History Project. See the section: Tours (walking and otherwise) of Historic DC GLBT Sites. Excellent brochures if planning similar Canadian tours. [viewed March 2006]

Rankin, L. Pauline. “Sexualities and national identities: re-imagining queer nationalism.” Journal of Canadian Studies. 35(2) (Summer 2000): 176-196.

Rawson, K.J. “Accessing transgender // desiring queer(er?) archival logics.” Archivaria (Special Section on Queer Archives). 68 (Winter 2010): 123-140.

Rayside, David. On the Fringe: Gays and Lesbians in Politics / David Rayside. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998. HQ76.8 .R39 1998

Renwick, Claire. “The Montreal Sailors’ Institute and the homosexual sailor: a model for moral reform in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.” Montreal: Department of Art History, Concordia University, 2010. From Montreal as Palimpsest III: the Dialectics of Montreal’s Public Spaces.

Richards, Neil. All frocked up: glimpses of cross-dressing in Saskatchewan / Neil Richards. Saskatoon, SK: Saskatchewan Council for Archives and Archivists; University of Saskatchewan, 2003. [viewed Nov. 2003]

Richards, Neil. Celebrating a History of Diversity: Lesbian and Gay Life in Saskatchewan, 1971-2005. Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan, 2005. The site compliments a 90-page booklet published by the Avenue Community Centre for Gender and Sexual Diversity. [viewed Nov. 2005]

Robertson, Mark. “AIDS coverage in the Body Politic, 1981-1987: an annotated bibliography.” American Review of Canadian Studies. 32(3) (Autumn 2002): 415-431. See Abstract.

Riordon, Michael. “No life like it! Investigating gay military history? Look for the suicide records.” Xtra! (Toronto) July 13, 2000.
On Paul Jackson’s research into Canadian military history during WWII.

Robinson, Daniel J.; Kimmel, David. “The queer career of homosexual security vetting in Cold War Canada.” Canadian Historical Review. 75(3) (1994): 319-345. FC1 .C355

Ross, Becki. The House that Jill Built: A Lesbian Nation in Formation / Becki L. Ross. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995. HQ75.6.C3 R6 1995

Saravanamuthu, Vijay “Coming out.” Our Schools, Our Selves (Toronto). 18(2) (Winter 2009): 31-33. Vijay Saravanamuthu is an Outreach Coordinator for the Alliance for South Asian AIDS Prevention (ASAAP).

Sarsh, Bart. “Disgusting’ noises, and ‘dangerous’ spaces: tabloids, sexualities, and discourses of perversion, Toronto, 1950-1962.” Master of Arts research paper. Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, August 2005. Archived on the website of the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives.

Schultz, Ryan. Rainbow lives / Ryan Schultz. [Winnipeg: Ryan Schultz, 2003]. Online exhibit of over 3,300 names with significant Canadian content. [viewed Nov. 2003; reformatted in 2004]

Sears Alan. The Opening and Commodification of Gay Space: Queer in a Lean World / Alan Sears. Detroit, MI: Against the Current, 2000. [viewed Oct. 2006]

Setliff, Eric. “Sex fiends or swish kids?: gay men in Hush Free Press, 1946-1956.” p.158-178. In Gendered Pasts: Historical Essays in Femininity and Masculinity in Canada / edited by Kathryn McPherson, Ceclia Morgan, and Nancy M. Forestell. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1999. HQ1075.5.C3 G46 1999

Silversides, Ann. AIDS Activist: Michael Lynch and the Politics of Community / Ann Silversides. Toronto: Between the Lines, 2003.
See excerpts: “‘Astirrin’ and akickin’ Michael Lynch: A Toronto activist brings home the drugs.” Xtra! (Toronto), June 26, 2003

Smith, Miriam. Lesbian and Gay Rights in Canada: Social Movements and Equality-Seeking, 1971-1995 / Miriam Smith. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999. HQ76.8.C3 S64 1999

Southern California’s LGBT history. [Los Angeles, CA]: ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives; Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Campus Resource Center, ULCA, [2005]. Includes American and Californian timelines for decades 1940-2000. [viewed July 2005]

Spence, Alex. Gay Canada: a Bibliography and Videography, 1984-2008. Revised and expanded. Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan Library, Special Collections, 2009. See History section. [viewed September 2009]

Spence, Alex. Perceptions: the Gay and Lesbian Newsmagazine of the Prairies. Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan, 2005. An index to the first 173 issues of the periodical covering the years 1983 through 2004. [viewed September 2006]

Sporting life: GLBT athletics and cultural change from the 1960s to today. San Francisco: GLBT Historical Society, 2005. [viewed September 2006] A display mounted by the GLBT Historical Society, San Francisco.

Stand Together. Directed by Nancy Nichol. [Toronto: York University], 2003. The documentary focuses on the campaign to amend the Ontario Human Rights Code led by the Coalition for Gay Rights in Ontario (later renamed the Coalition for Lesbian and Gay Rights in Ontario).
Journal of Social and Political Thought, Summer 2003. [viewed Nov. 2003]

Stein, Marc. “Crossing the border to memory: in search of Clive Michael Boutilier (1933-2003).” Torquere. 6 (2004): 91-115.
In 1968 Boutilier was deported from the United States, 18 months after the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a 1952 U.S. law that provided the exclusion and deportation of aliens “afflicted with psychopathic personality,” which was applied to Boutilier’s homosexuality.

Stein, Marc. Sexual Injustice: Supreme Court Decisions from Griswold to Roe / Marc Stein. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 2010. 364 p. See ch.4 “Boutilier’s defenders” and ch. 5 “Boutiler’s Defense.

Strange, Carolyn; Loo, Tina. “From hewers of wood to producers of pulp: true crime in Canadian pulp magazines of the 1940s.” Journal of Canadian Studies. 37(2) (Summer 2002): 11-32. In 1940 the Canadian government prohibited the importation of pulp magazines, concerned about their graphic “detective, sex, western, and alleged true or confession stories.”

Stubblejumper Movie. Directed by David Geiss. Regina, SK: da vid films, 2008. 48-minute biographical docudrama on the life of Doug Wilson.

The Sunset of Bon Echo. Published from March 1916 until May 1920 by Flora MacDonald Denison (1867-1921) and other Whitmanites in Ontario. Of interest because of Horace Traubel’s (Whitman’s executor/biographer) death there and recent biographies mentioning his same-sex affections (Gary Schmidgall 2001).

Taft, Michael. “Men in women’s clothes: theatrical transvestites on the Canadian Prairie.” p.131-138. In Undisciplined Women: Tradition and Culture in Canada / edited by Pauline Greenhill. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1997. HQ1453 .U53 1997

Tallentire, Jenéa; Mayard, Steven. Bibliography on the History of Sexuality in Canada / Jenéa Tallentire. [Vancouver]: Canadian Committee on the History of Sexuality, 2004. [viewed Feb. 2004]

Timeline of LGBT history in Canada. [United States: Wikipedia, 200-]. A very spotty resource, that jumps from 1810 to 1964, where Donald McLeod’s work takes over.

Townsend, David. “The ‘blood libel’ and the spectator’s eye in Norwich and Toronto.” Torquere. 1 (1999): 1-24. A comparison is made between the murder of children in medieval Norwich and the 1977 Emanuel Jaques murder in Toronto.

Tremblay, Pierre. Community attributes and problems. [Calgary: Pierre Tremblay, 2009-] [viewed Apr. 2005] A wealth of information on lgbt youth suicide, with a focus on men.

Troubled Masculinities: Reimagining Urban Men / edited by Ken Moffatt. Toronto, ON : University of Toronto Press, 2012. BF692.5 .T76 2012
See: “Eyes of Excess: the darkness and the fire at the centre of growing ? up male in Toronto in the 1950s and 1960s.”

Vacante, Jeffery. “Writing the history of sexuality and “national” history in Quebec.” Journal of Canadian Studies. 39(2) (Spring 2005): 31-55.

Valverde, Mariana; Cirak, Miomir. “Governing bodies, creating gay spaces: policing and security issues in ‘gay’ downtown Toronto.” British Journal of Criminology. 43(1) (2002): 102-121. See section of Pride Day policing.

Vassal, Anne. Gay and Lesbian Legal Issues and HIV/AIDS:
Final Report
/ by Anne Vassal, John Fisher, Ralf Jürgens, Robert Hughes. Montreal: Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network & Canadian AIDS Society, July 1997. Includes history and hate crimes sections. [viewed Sep. 2006]

Victories and defeats: a gay and lesbian chronology 1964-1982. Toronto: Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives, 2005. [viewed Jan. 2004]

Warner, Tom. Never Going Back: A History of Queer Activism in Canada / Tom Warner. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002. HQ76.8.C3 W37 2002 UT Press synopsis
See review by Christopher Lorey in Torquere: Journal of the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Studies Association. 4/5 (2002-2003): 216-218.

We raise our voices: gay and lesbian pride and politics. Boston: Northeastern University Libraries, 2003. [viewed Nov. 2003]

Wier, Lorna. “Cosmic consciousness and the love of comrades: contacts between R.M. Bucke and Edward Carpenter.” Journal of Canadian Studies. 30(2) (Summer 1995): 39-57.
Bucke ran the insane asylum in London, Ontario and wrote the first biography of Walt Whitman, who visited London in 1882.

Wetzel, Pamela. Mount Saint Vincent University, lesbian pulp fiction collection / Pamela Wetze. Halifax, NS: English Department, Mount Saint Vincent University, 1998. [viewed Nov. 2003]
“Mount Saint Vincent University’s rare books collection includes the largest holding of lesbian pulp fiction of any university in North America.”

Young, Ian. The paperback explosion: how gay paperbacks changed America / Ian Young. Toronto: Ian Young Books, [2006] [viewed Feb. 2007]

Zorzi, Peter. Queer catharsis. [Perth, ON]: Peter Zorzi, [2011]. Peter’s history of Toronto Area Gays (TAG), later Toronto Area Gays & Lesbians (TAGL), 1975-2008. Also included are wonderful period photographs.