The Body

Moving from general to specific information

The body of your paper should move from general to specific information. One technique is to think of an inverted pyramid every time you begin a new subject. You put the general and broadest information first.


As you progress, you will become more and more focused on your argument and provide specific evidence to support it. Your last sentences should summarize or wrap up your argument.


Example of Inverted Paragraph Pyramid 

i. General Information: introduction, topic sentence, etc.
ii. Focusing direction of paper: telling.
iii. Getting more specific: showing.
iv. Supporting details.
v. Conclusion &
quick wrap

The elements of a good paragraph

A good paragraph should contain at least the following elements: Transition, Topic sentence, supporting Evidence and analysis, and a Brief wrap-up sentence.

  • A transition sentence leads in from a previous paragraph to assure smooth reading. This acts as a hand off from one idea to the next.
  • Next, a topic sentence tells the reader what you will be discussing in the paragraph.
  • Supporting evidence and analysis supports one of your claims and provides a deeper level of detail.
  • A brief wrap-up sentence tells the reader how and why this information supports your paper’s thesis. The brief wrap-up is also called the warrant. The warrant is important because it connects your argument and support back to your thesis, and it shows that the information in the paragraph is related to your thesis and helps to defend it.