Creating a Bibliography


Bibliography, works cited, reference list – they all mean the same thing – a list of all the sources you used to write your paper.

This final page in your paper is an important feature as it offers your reader a chance to see the full bibliographic information of your sources. This makes it easy for the reader to search for your sources for their own study or to verify them.


  • The bibliography should appear at the end of your paper. Begin the list on a new page
  • The title Bibliography should be either left justified or centered on the page
  • The hanging indent (starting on the second line) for each reference makes the numerical sequence more obvious
  • The entries should appear in a single alphabetical sequence, arranged by the author’s surname, or title if no author is given


The rules of how to write your lists will depend on what citation style you are using (APA, MLA etc.). Writing Support and the Library have citation guides on the different styles.